February 25, 2023 6 min read


Brushing  your teeth is one of the most important ways to keep your mouth healthy. However, using toothpaste and floss to remove harmful bacteria from your teeth is just as important as brushing your teeth regularly. But brushing isn't enough if you have gum or periodontal disease: You'll also need professional help!

Gum Disease

Gum Disease: What Is It?

A gum infection is called gum disease. It can result in tooth loss, but the bacteria in your mouth aren't always to blame. Other factors, such as stress or smoking, can also cause inflammation of the gums and teeth.

Plaque, a sticky film that builds up on your teeth over time if you don't brush or floss enough, is the leading cause of gum disease (also known as periodontal disease). When you consume sugary foods like cookies or candy, you probably won't notice this buildup: When you eat something sweet, saliva helps break it down into smaller pieces so that they don't get stuck between your teeth or on top of them!

However, even though plaque contains a wide variety of bacteria, including those responsible for colds, it typically does not cause any harm if left unchecked—until something else in our bodies, known as the immune system, initiates an immune response.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Gum Disease Symptoms Swollen, red, or tender gums are frequently a sign of gum disease. Inflammation brought on by plaque accumulation and tartar on teeth may cause this. When the tooth is touched or brushed against, the gums may swell up into the shape of small bumps. Your gums may appear to recede away from the base of your teeth in more severe cases.

Bleeding gums also accompany gum disease. Even if there is no apparent damage to your gums, you may notice that they bleed frequently and quickly when you brush or floss. This could also indicate that the tissue has been infected with bacteria, resulting in inflammation and bleeding. Before periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) develops further, you must see a dentist as soon as possible if you experience bleeding while brushing or flossing.

The presence of an infection in a person's mouth due to gum disease necessitates immediate treatment from a professional dentist to avoid further harm, such as tooth loss or other systemic health issues, such as heart attack or stroke, resulting from untreated gum diseases. If either swollen, red, tender gums or bleeding when brushing or flossing co-occurs, this is an indication that the person has gum disease.

Gum Disease

What Can I Do to Avoid Gum Disease?

You can avoid gum disease by following these steps:

Frequently floss and brush. Use a soft toothbrush to remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth, and aim for at least two minutes each time you brush.

Avoid using tobacco products. Gum disease caused by smoking can result in oral pain, infection, and bleeding.

Reduce your sugar intake by avoiding high-sugar foods and drinks like candy bars and cookies (15 grams per serving). Because too much sugar is linked to an increased risk of dental issues like cavities and periodontal disease, this will help keep your teeth healthy.

Every day, eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and lean protein sources like fish; This will assist in maintaining your teeth's natural cleanliness without requiring additional dental care!

Brushing your teeth regularly is essential, particularly after consuming a lot of sugar or drinking sweet tea.

Brushing your teeth  regularly is essential, particularly after consuming a lot of sugar or drinking sweet tea. By overgrowing the teeth and gums, the bacteria in your mouth can lead to gum disease.

It can be easier for plaque to build up on the surface of your teeth if you eat sugary foods, drink sodas and other drinks high in sugar (like fruit juice), or eat an acidic diet like orange juice with breakfast cereal.

What is the most common reason for gum disease?

One of the most prevalent and painful oral infections is gum disease. It can happen to anyone, but people who smoke, have diabetes or have certain immune disorders are more likely to get it.

Gum disease comes in two forms: periodontal disease and gingivitis. An inflammation of the gums that causes them to become red and swollen is known as gingivitis. An infection that spreads from your gums to your teeth and makes eating and drinking painful is known as periodontitis.

sonic electric toothbrush

Knowing what to look for when it comes to gum disease is essential.

The most common symptom of gum disease is bleeding, first and foremost. This can occur in the mouth in any location: between the gums and teeth, between the socket and the gums, or in the gums as a whole. You might also feel tenderness or swelling around your gums, a bad taste in your mouth, or pain when you chew. See your dentist as soon as you notice any of these symptoms!

Treatment and Diagnosis of Gum Disease

Dental X-rays are a standard diagnostic instrument for gum disease diagnosis and treatment. Dentists can determine whether there is any loss of bone or tissue around the teeth and any other potential issues by taking X-rays. Because of this, they can decide which kind of treatment is best for the patient.

Another treatment for gum disease is deep cleaning, also known as scaling or root planing. During this procedure, the dentist will smooth out rough spots on the tooth roots where bacteria can hide using special instruments to remove plaque and tartar below the gum line. Making it more difficult for bacteria to adhere to your teeth and cause further damage in the future; helps improve oral health and reduces inflammation in the gums.

Proper maintenance is essential for treating and managing existing cases of periodontitis. Going to the dentist twice a year and brushing and flossing regularly should help maintain optimal oral health over the long term, reducing the risk of developing severe conditions related to untreated or poorly managed issues like cavities, infections, etc.

Gum Disease Risk Factors

Smoking is a significant risk factor for gum disease. Cigarette smoke's chemicals can harm the gums, causing inflammation and infection, leading to periodontal problems. Smoking also makes you more likely to get a dry mouth, which makes it easier for bacteria to grow and makes you more likely to get cavities or infections.

Due to changes in the body's ability to properly process sugar and fight infections, diabetes can raise your risk of gum disease. Changes in the blood vessels caused by diabetes make it harder for white blood cells, which fight bacteria, to get too infected areas. This lets bacteria from plaque and tartar buildup on teeth spread around the mouth unchecked. This could result in serious oral health issues like tooth loss or bone deterioration caused by advanced periodontal diseases like gingivitis or periodontitis if proper dental care is not provided.

Inadequate brushing and flossing allow plaque and tartar to build up around teeth, which harbors harmful bacterial growth that produces toxins and can lead to infections if left untreated over time. This is another major factor that increases the risk of developing gum disease. Make sure to take good care of your pearly whites by brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once daily. This will increase your risk of developing gum-related issues in the future.

tongue cleaner

Tips for Preventing Gum Disease

Practicing oral hygiene is one of the most crucial steps in preventing gum disease. Plaque and bacteria can be removed from your teeth by brushing and flossing correctly at least twice daily, lowering your risk of infection. Additionally, using an antibacterial mouthwash regularly is essential to eradicate any remaining bacteria residing in difficult-to-reach locations. In addition, it is best to avoid tobacco products like cigarettes and chewing tobacco because they can significantly increase your risk of developing periodontal disease.

You can help naturally stabilize your glucose levels over time by eating healthy, low-sugar foods and regularly exercising.

Last but not least, if you want to keep periodontal diseases at bay and maintain good dental health, you must go to the dentist regularly. Because dentists know exactly what signs to look for during routine checkups, they can quickly diagnose and treat potential issues before they become too severe, protecting the patient's health from further harm caused by untreated conditions like cavities, infections, etc. 


Gum disease can be caused by several things, including smoking, diabetes, poor oral hygiene, and taking certain medications. Good oral hygiene practices like brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing regularly, and avoiding tobacco products whenever possible are essential for preventing gum problems from developing or worsening.

If you already have periodontal issues, you may need to go to the dentist regularly for professional cleanings and deep cleanings, depending on the severity of the condition to keep them under control over time.

Take charge of your health today by implementing these straightforward but effective measures!



Nancy Wise
Nancy Wise

Leave a comment

Also in Oral Buddies Blog

Common Oral Health Problems
Common Oral Health Problems

March 30, 2023 4 min read

Why Is It important To Keep Your Teeth Clean
Why Is It Important To Keep Your Teeth Clean

March 21, 2023 5 min read

teeth whitening pen
How To Use A Teeth Whitening Pen

March 20, 2023 5 min read

Liquid error (layout/theme line 296): Could not find asset snippets/elevar-body-end.liquid