March 30, 2023 4 min read

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is essential for overall health, so knowing how to prevent these problems is important. Here are some common oral health issues, along with tips on how you can avoid them:

Common Oral Health Problem #1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a gum disease that can cause bad breath and tooth sensitivity. It's caused by plaque, which builds up on your teeth as you eat. As the plaque builds up, it gets harder to get rid of and forms over time into tartar (thick deposits of minerals).

Plaque also causes gingivitis in two ways:

  • Plaque causes thinning of the gums and bleeding beneath them, allowing bacteria to enter deeper into your mouth, producing an acid called lactic acid (which tastes like sour milk). This creates an environment where more harmful bacteria thrive, thus setting off this cycle!

Common Oral Health Problems

Common Oral Health Problem #2: Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease results from inflammation and infection in the tissues that support your teeth. It can affect any part of your mouth, but it's most common in areas where you have:

  • Teeth
  • Tender gums (gingivitis)
  • A pocket for food to collect (gingival hyperplasia)

Common Oral Health Problem #3: Gum disease

Gum disease is a common problem with many causes, but it can be prevented by brushing and flossing regularly.

Gum disease is caused by bacteria that live in your mouth, including:

  • Porphyromonas gingivalis (also called P. gingivalis) - This bacterium has been linked to gum inflammation, tooth decay, and periodontal disease; it's been found in some studies to cause plaque buildup on teeth as well as gums that bleed after brushing or flossing

Common Oral Health Problems

Common Oral Health Problem #4: Tooth decay or cavities

Tooth decay or cavities are a problem that can affect anyone, but they're more common in children and adults who have poor oral health. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria that live on the surface of your teeth. The bacteria feed on sugars found in food and drink, producing tartar (tarter = plaque) which hardens into a layer on top of your tooth enamel. Over time this hardens into calculus (calculus = tartar). Over time, if you don't remove this material with regular brushing and flossing, you'll get cavities which may eventually lead to gum disease, tooth loss, or other problems such as crooked teeth or sensitivity from heat or cold foods.

Common Oral Health Problem #5: Dry mouth

Dry mouth is a common problem. If you experience dry mouth, it can cause bad breath and may also lead to other oral health problems.

A dry mouth occurs when the saliva glands in your cheeks are not producing enough salivary fluid. Saliva helps clean your teeth by removing food particles and bacteria daily. When there isn't enough saliva, plaque builds up on the teeth, causing gingivitis (gum inflammation). This gum infection can lead to tooth decay if left untreated for too long; if left untreated much longer, it could result in tooth loss or damage beyond repair!

Common Oral Health Problems

The following treatment options are available for common oral health problems.

  • 1. Cleaning: Your dentist or hygienist can use a dental tool called a scaler to remove plaque and tartar from your teeth. The process called scaling is performed once every six months.
  • 2. Scale Removal: Your dentist or hygienist may need to use a dental tool called an ultrasonic scaler on the gum tissue under your gums to remove tartar buildup caused by bacteria that cause tooth decay. This type of scaling is done monthly, and it should be done by an experienced professional who uses ultrasonic technology every time they scale your teeth.
  • 3. Dentures: If you're missing teeth because of decay or damage, dentures can help restore your smile and make eating more manageable while replacing them with new ones that look more natural than artificial ones (which tend to wear down much faster). Dentures are made from a material called porcelain fused onto titanium implants; these implants are usually made from metal because they're stronger than porcelain ones.

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is essential for overall health, so knowing how to prevent these problems is important.

Oral health is essential for overall health. It can affect your gums and teeth, leading to other problems like heart disease and diabetes. Preventing oral problems is easy: brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste (or use an electric device), floss once a day, see your dentist regularly so they can check on the health of your mouth, and make sure you eat healthy foods that aren't hard on the teeth/gums. If you already have problems with your mouth, don't worry—there are many ways to treat them!

Good dental hygiene practices can help protect your teeth and gums from decay.

  1. Practicing good  oral hygiene  is the best way to maintain good dental health. This means brushing your teeth at least twice daily, flossing once daily, and visiting the dentist twice a year for an exam.
  2. Part of maintaining good oral health involves the foods you eat. You should eat foods low in sugar and acid, such as fruits and vegetables. These foods will help keep your mouth healthy!
  3. You should also avoid smoking tobacco products and chewing on hard candy or hard foods like nuts or seeds because they can cause damage to your teeth.


Caring for your teeth and gums is the best way to prevent these problems. It's always important to brush and floss regularly, but it's essential if you have any of the abovementioned issues. If you're concerned about your oral health, talk to your dentist about what can be done for you!


Nancy Wise
Nancy Wise

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